刘恩泽, 李海东, 王恒波, 等, xxxx. 海洋地球物理方法对海底管道检测的应用探讨[J]. 海岸工程, x(x): xx-xx. doi: 10.12362/j.issn.1002-3682.20240429001.
    引用本文: 刘恩泽, 李海东, 王恒波, 等, xxxx. 海洋地球物理方法对海底管道检测的应用探讨[J]. 海岸工程, x(x): xx-xx. doi: 10.12362/j.issn.1002-3682.20240429001.
    LIU E Z, LI H D, WANG H B, et al, xxxx. Application of multiple marine geophysical exploration methods in submarine pipelines detection[J]. Coastal Engineering, x(x): xx-xx. DOI: 10.12362/j.issn.1002-3682.20240429001
    Citation: LIU E Z, LI H D, WANG H B, et al, xxxx. Application of multiple marine geophysical exploration methods in submarine pipelines detection[J]. Coastal Engineering, x(x): xx-xx. DOI: 10.12362/j.issn.1002-3682.20240429001

    海洋地球物理方法对海底管道检测的应用探讨

    Application of Multiple Marine Geophysical Exploration Methods in Submarine Pipelines Detection

    • 摘要: 海洋地球物理探测方法可用于不同类型的海底管道外检测工作,本文从海底管道的原位状态入手,主要阐述了海底管道的埋藏、裸露、悬跨三类状态的存在特点、产生原因和治理需求,从仪器的基本原理与应用过程方面论述了目前国内常用于海底管道检测的各类传统海洋地球物理探测方法的功能和特点。对舟山跨海输水管道检测项目中侧扫声呐、浅地层剖面和多波束测深等多种探测方法的图像进行研究,结果表明侧扫声呐和多波束测深对于展现裸露与悬空的管线走向与形态具有较好的探测效果;浅地层剖面仪对于管线的深度和周围地层情况具有准确的探测效果;磁力仪适用于判断管线存在与否和位置。结合实际应用过程中可能受到的干扰因素和仪器自身的原理限制,对各类海洋地球物理方法的能力与特点进行分析与对比,总结出各类方法对于不同状态的海底管道的适用性与优劣势,用以保证并提高对管道状态判别的准确性。此外,本文还介绍了多种新型海洋地球物理探测技术,并探讨了海底管道检测方法的现状与未来发展趋势。

       

      Abstract: Marine geophysical exploration method are commonly used for various types of external detection of submarine pipelines, this article start with the state of submarine pipelines, mainly describes the existing characteristics, causes and treatment requirements of buried, exposed and suspended submarine pipelines, from the basic principle and application process of the instrument, the functions and characteristics of all kinds of traditional marine geophysical exploration techniques commonly used in subsea pipeline detection in China are presented, through the research of several detection methods such as side scan sonar, sub-bottom profiler, multibeam bathymetry system used in Zhoushan cross-sea water pipeline detection project, the identification of the existence state of submarine pipelines is realized, and the range, detection effect and accuracy of different detection methods are indicated, combined with the interfering factors in the detection process and the limitations of the principle, analyzes and compares the capabilities and characteristics of various marine geophysical exploration methods, provides and summarizes the degree of applicability and advantages and disadvantages of various methods for different states of submarine pipelines in order to improve and guarantee the accuracy of the identification of pipeline status. In addition, new physical exploration techniques are listed, and summarized the development trend of submarine pipeline detection methods.

       

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